Our City

Our City

The City of Unley is located approximately 1.5km directly south of Adelaide CBD. The City’s economy is underpinned by 5 Mainstreet Precincts: Unley Road, King William Road, Goodwood Road, Fullarton Road and Glen Osmond Road. These Precincts provide essential goods and services, meeting places and attractions for visitors. They are the home to approximately 1,200 businesses, of which many are unique, independent operators. 

 

Community Profile

The City of Unley Profile outlines the main population demographics for the City of Unley and also considers the implications of social trends. Analysing the City of Unley’s population character assists the Council to understand social needs and opportunities to better service the community and ensure informed decision making.

Unley Community Profile

Profile.id provides demographic analysis for the City and its suburbs based on results from the Censuses of Population and Housing. The profile is updated with population estimates when the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) releases new figures.


 

Citizenship

Most people are required to make the Pledge of Commitment as the final step in becoming an Australian citizen.

Once the pledge had been made before a person delegated by the Minister for Immigration and Multicultural Affairs, the person is an Australian citizen.

The Mayor of the City of Unley is delegated by the Minister as an official person who can hear the pledge.

At the ceremony new citizens receive their Citizenship Certificate.

The City of Unley hosts Citizenship Ceremonies throughout the year. The largest ceremony is held on Australia Day which is 26 January each year.

For more information on ceremonies in Unley, please phone 8372 5111.

For information about becoming an Australian citizen, visit the Department of Immigration and Border Protection website.
 
Citizenship Frequently Asked Questions
Most queries relating to citizenship will need to be directed to the Department of Immigration and Border Protection (DIBP). Contact details for DIBP are:

70 Franklin Street, Adelaide SA 5000
Phone 13 18 81
Hours of operation: 9am – 4pm
Visit the DIBP website
 
  • How do I apply for citizenship?
    To apply for citizenship, you must contact DIBP.
  • I have received my letter confirming that I have been approved for citizenship, when can I do my citizenship?
    This is dependent on when the letter was received.

    Generally, it takes a couple of months for DIBP to finalise all the paperwork on their end after you receive your letter of confirmation from the Department of Immigrations and Citizenship.

    Generally, the Council will host two citizenship ceremonies per year
     
    • Australia Day
    • A later date mid-year (June/July)

    Once the waiting period has occurred, a list is then finalised and provided to the council with names of who is to be conferred.

    The Department of Immigration will then inform you of your citizenship ceremony date.

    Note: The department has a policy of allocating applicants to ceremonies by order of their approval date and within each council’s ability to confer applicants.
  • I have received an invitation to attend my citizenship ceremony. I’d like to RSVP.
    Please phone the Council on 8372 5111.
  • I have not received an invitation to attend a citizenship ceremony.
    The department has a policy of allocating applicants to ceremonies by order of their approval date and within each council’s ability to confer applicants.

    Also, the Council may be at full capacity and unable to take any more new conferees.
  • I urgently need my citizenship. Can you help me?
    There are two options:

    1. DIBP do offer ‘urgent’ ceremonies to applicants but they have to be satisfied that there are genuine compelling and compassionate reasons for them.

    DIBP policy on Urgent Ceremonies is as follows:
     
    • The core of it is there must be genuinely urgent and compelling circumstances for access to a departmental urgent ceremony
    • Rule of thumb is HECS loans, Australian Defence Force, needed for employment, urgent travel to visit a close seriously ill relative and all must be supported by documentary evidence before we will allow access to an urgent conferral
    • DIBP offer this as information to you our ceremony partners and don’t seek to stop you doing what you consider is best for your council or the applicants who contact you

    2. The Council may be able to host a private ceremony if the Mayor is willing and with genuine compelling and compassionate reasons for them.
  • I was unable to attend the previous citizenship ceremony. Can I be put on the list for the next one?
    If you were unable to attend the last citizenship ceremony for whatever reason, your name will automatically go back on the list for the next Ceremony.
  • I already have my citizenship certificate, but my name is spelt incorrectly.
    Please contact DIBP as they are the legal body that has the authority to make these changes.
  • I already have my citizenship, but I have lost my citizenship certificate.
    Please contact DIBP.
  • I attended the recent citizenship ceremony and would like to know how I can get my photos from the photographer that was present on the day?
    As explained at the Ceremony, once the photos are ready they will be mailed out to your home address. (This is the home address that was provided to the Department of Immigration and Citizenship on their original application form.)
  • I am not yet an Australian Citizen, but would like to travel overseas prior to my citizenship ceremony. Will this be a problem?
    If you travel outside Australia before your ceremony you will be travelling as a permanent resident on your current passport. Once you have become an Australian citizen any visa you held ceases. For any further information, please contact DIBP.
  • I attended the most recent Citizenship Ceremony but have not received my citizenship certificate. When will I get it?
    Occasionally, with the changes of Government and other Elections, we are unable to receive your citizenship certificates in time as there is a delay in Canberra for them. DIBP will be in contact with you to arrange for delivery of your citizenship certificate.
  • I attended the most recent citizenship ceremony but have not received my citizenship certificate. I need to apply for my passport for an urgent trip. What can I do?
    Unfortunately, you are unable to apply for an Australian Passport without your citizenship certificate. It is best to contact DIBP to see how they can assist you.
  • Pledge of Commitment
    All new citizens read aloud a pledge as part of the citizenship ceremony. If the ceremony is for a group of new citizens you will all read your pledge together.

    There are two pledges. The first pledge refers to God and the second pledge does not. At your citizenship interview you will be asked which pledge you wish to make during your ceremony.

    Australian Citizenship Pledge 1

    From this time forward, under God,
    I pledge my loyalty to Australia and its people,
    Whose democratic beliefs I share,
    Whose rights and liberties I respect,
    And whose laws I will uphold and obey.
     
    Australian Citizenship Pledge 2

    From this time forward,
    I pledge my loyalty to Australia and its people,
    Whose democratic beliefs I share,
    Whose rights and liberties I respect,
    And whose laws I will uphold and obey.
  • Australian National Anthem

    On 19 April 1984, the Govenor General, Sir Ninian Stephan, declared Australia's National Anthem to be 'Advance Australia Fair'.
     

    Advance Australia Fair
    Australians all let us rejoice
    For we are young and free
    We've golden soil and wealth for toil,
    Our home is girt by sea:
    Our land abounds in nature's gifts
    Of beauty rich and rare,
    In history's page let every stage
    Advance Australia fair,
    In joyful strains then let us sing
    Advance Australia fair.

    Beneath our radiant Southern Cross,
    We'll toil with hearts and hands,
    To make this Commonwealth of ours
    Renowned of all the lands,
    For those who've come across the seas
    We've boundless plains to share,
    With courage let us all combine
    To advance Australia fair.
    In joyful strains then let us sing,
    Advance Australia fair.

    Words and music by Peter Dodds McCormick.

     

From Bush to Bitumen

A dense area of bush known as the Black Forest once covered the Unley region of the Adelaide Plains. The woodland forest was a mix of grey-box, blue gum, red gum, native pines and sheoak trees, with grass trees, native grasses and orchids.These plants had deep roots that held the soil together and the plant debris that fell on the earth decomposed releasing nutrients into the soil.

This bush was home to the Kaurna people who moved with the seasons, relying on a deep knowledge of their land to find shelter, food and water. During autumn, extended family groups travelled inland from their summer camps along the coast, to the bush and the foothills. They knew the bush as wirra, and Willa willa was the name of the winding creeks lined with redgums.

When the Europeans arrived they brought with them the farming methods, animals and plants from their own countries. Many acres were sown with wheat and barley while other areas were fenced for grazing livestock. Orchards and vineyards were planted and olive oil, tobacco and jam produced.

With native bush cleared for farming, the habitat for native animals was greatly reduced. Native animals with soft padded feet were replaced with cows, sheep, pigs and horses that had hard hooves which broke the soil and caused erosion. Nutrients were not returned to the soil because crops were harvested or heavily grazed.

Nutrients lost in this way were replaced by farm manure and chemical fertilisers. Tree clearing, ploughing and annual cropping exposed the soil and removed the soil-binding roots. This made the soil vulnerable to erosion.

As the increasing population demanded houses, farmland was sold and subdivided. By 1911, the population in Unley had reached 24,000 people who were living in more than 5,000 dwellings. Buildings and roads gradually replaced paddocks during this period, removing much of the remaining native bush.

People were inspired to campaign to preserve trees and land for parks.


"Spare those trees! It would not cost a great deal to secure … a few allotments on which some of these kings of the old forest are growing: but it must be done soon or never." The Register, 1911

Some native animals adapted to the increasing encroachment of the built environment, including possums and crested pigeons. Species that once fed on native plants began to scavenge in our parks and backyards. Other more vulnerable species were unable to adapt and have been lost from urban life.

 

Unley's History

  • How Unley Developed
    The City of Unley began life as a series of large rural holdings that were sold prior to settlement.

    Once the colonists arrived, the land was subdivided and small villages sprang up to cater to the new residents.

    The first six subdivisions were Unley and Unley Park, which were subdivided 1840, Goodwood, Fullarton and Parkside in 1849 and Black Forest in 1850.

    Unley acted as a town centre for the growing number of communities but each settlement had its own shops, schools, tradesmen, pubs and churches.

    Villages continued to spring up on the main roads between Adelaide, Mitcham and Glen Osmond, as orchards and vineyards were planted, dairies, and olive oil and jam making factories opened.

    As the new subdivisions were opened, the space between the villages closed up, especially from the 1880s on. Open land that had been bush and farmland filled with houses and Unley gradually grew in to the united community it is today.

    Until 1871, the original villages were part of the District Council of Mitcham. When the Unley Communities' combined population reached 2,000, they were able to secede and the Corporate Town of Unley was born.

    Thirty five years later, the population had reached 20,000 and Unley was entitled to become a city.

    By the end of the 1920s, the area was almost completely subdivided and the scattered villages had become a thriving city that combined the best of all the settlements.

    The concept of the City of Villages survives today in the varying characters of the suburbs and shopping precincts that combine to make up the City of Unley.
     
  • Proclamation
    Unley was proclaimed as a City in 1906 as a result of its population reaching 22,000. It was reported in the Government Gazette on 8 November.

    On Friday 7 December the Governor, Sir George Le Hunt, presided over a large gathering at the Unley Oval where he officially proclaimed Unley as the third city in the State of South Australia.

    In his report at the time Mayor John H Cook describes the scene:

    In the presence of His Excellency the Governor, (Sir George Le Hunt) the Hon. the Premier (Thos. Price MP), the Right Worshipful Mayors of Adelaide (Mr T Bruce) and Port Adelaide (Mr J Sweeney) and the Worships the Mayors of Norwood, St Peters, Hindmarsh, Brighton and other municipalities and a large number of distinguished guests, the whole city made a holiday event of the occasion, shops and places of businesses being closed.

    Under the direction of Mr C Charlton, the Head Master of the Unley State School, the demonstration of children, numbering between 3,000 and 4,000, were marshalled and by 2 o'clock Mr Charlton had established perfect order amongst his miniature troops from the twenty-one primary and secondary schools in the municipality.

    The procession formed from the Town Hall and headed by the Military Band, marched along in the direction of the Oval. First followed by the State School Cadets with their rifles to form the Governor's guard of honour then followed the fife and drum bands and for a quarter of a mile the school children eight deep. On arrival at the Oval the procession was marshalled into various divisions and the sight was brilliant when the lines converged in to marked positions facing the stand where the children were allowed to sit whilst waiting for the arrival of the vice-regal party.

    His Excellency, the Governor, accompanied by Captain the Hon RD Ryder, reached the Oval at 3 o'clock and after passing through the guard of honour, under Mr RF Cowan, was welcomed by myself and introduced to the members of the Council, who with the Hon the Premier (Mr Thomas Price) were waiting His Excellency's arrival on the platform. The children saluted the flag and at the suggestion of His Excellency, resumed their seats on the grass.

    In welcoming His Excellency, it was my privilege to sketch briefly the history and progress of our city from the time when it severed from the Mitcham District Council in 1871 to the present date. His Excellency's acknowledgment of welcome is reported in the contemporary papers as follows:-

    His Excellency, who was greeted with cheers, said that the program had suggested he was going to make an address in reply to the kind words of the Mayor's welcome. If a hasty explanation of only a few minutes duration could be called an address, then he was fulfilling his duty. He thoroughly sympathised with everybody and especially with the school children that the day had turned out so hot and close and he admired the many hundreds of small children before him who were so pluckily sticking to their post and doing their duty so heartily. (Applause.)

    He supposed the younger citizens before him had not many recollections of 35 years ago (Children: "No.") Well, he hoped they would be able to say "Yes" 35 years hence. Those who would be living in Unley in that distant time would be able to look back upon an even greater 35 years of advance than could the grown-up people of the present day. For Adelaide and its suburbs were going to grow into a still greater city and he had not any great fear what kind of citizens the youthful colonists of the present day would make.

    He understood hat the most important feature in a girl's career was when she put her hair up and went into long dresses and that the greatest thing in a boy's life was to get into long trousers. (Laugher.) Well, their pretty town of Unley had just accomplished a feat of that kind regarding its own history. Unley had now put its hair up and attained the full rights and honours of a city. (Applause.)

    To the 3,000 or 4,000 school children whom he saw before him he would say that he was pleased to hear that they had been given a holiday. They fully deserved it and he would have quickly seen that they all got a holiday had it not been granted.

    At the Call of His Excellency the Governor cheers were given for His Majesty the King, His Majesty's Government, the Mayor and Council of the City of Unley and for the children. The children were again assembled in the proper ranks and after singing one verse of 'The Song of Australia' were marshalled away to the shade of the trees surrounding the Oval and to other shelter provided for their protection provided by the City Council. During the remainder of the afternoon the Military Band played various selections and the children executed a Maypole dance and various marching and callisthenics movements. The proceedings concluded with the National Anthem.
     
  • Naming Unley
    Thomas Whistler is credited with naming Unley.

    Whistler was one of 15 land holders in Unley in the late 1830s. He owned approximately 420 acres which he subdivided to create Arthur, Mary and Thomas streets.

    There is much speculation as to the origin of the name Unley.

    Some believe that Whistler originally named Unley after Undley Common in the Parish of Mildenhall Suffolk and that the name Unley was derived as a result of mirroring local speech which omitted the letter d. However, research has shown that he had no actual connection with Undley and it should be noted that on all of his land transfers the name is spelt Unley.

    Another theory is that Unley was the maiden name of Whistler's wife however, this can be proven to be untrue as Whistler never married.
     
  • 'Kertaweeta' - The Black Forest
    The City of Unley acknowledges the Kaurna people as the traditional owners of the Black Forest and respects the traditional name 'Kertaweeta' that means scrub with reeds.

    The name 'Black Forest' is reputed to have been given as a result of the dark coloured tree bark and thick dark green foliage.

    The area formerly extended from the eastern foothill suburbs of Burnside, Erindale, Beaumont, Glen Osmond, south-west through to Urrbrae, Malvern, Mitcham, Unley, Goodwood, Wayville, South Adelaide, Black Forest, Hyde Park, Clarence Park, Plympton, Edwardstown, St Marys and the River Sturt near Marion.

    The Urban Forest Biodiversity Program reports that grazing, agriculture, horticulture, residential development and industry have progressively all but replaced the unique flora and fauna of the Adelaide Plains. Less than 2% of the original habitat is left intact and remaining native plants and animals are finding it increasingly difficult to survive.

    Individual trees from the original Black Forest still exist within the City of Unley but only one remaining stand of grey-box woodland can be found - in Heywood Park at Northgate Street, Unley Park.

    Information for this article has been sourced from a book by local Millswood resident, Darrell Kraehenbuehl 'Pre-European Vegetation of Adelaide: A Survey from the Gawler River to Hallett Cove' (1996).
     
  • The First Unley Council Meeting
    The first Unley Council meeting was held on 19 June, 1871, and was presided over by Unley's first Mayor John Henry Barrow.
  • Thomas Whistler
    Thomas Whistler was one of 15 land holders in Unley in the late 1830s and is credited with giving Unley its name.

    On 19 February, 1839, Thomas Whistler, a colonial agent of Fenchurch Street, London, was issued land orders by the colonisation commissioners for three town acres in Adelaide and three country sections each consisting 134 acres which became known as Unley and Unley Park.

    On 4 April, 1840, Whistler boarded the ship the Fairliee and set sail for life as a gentleman farmer and land speculator. After spending a short time living in Adelaide and Mitcham, Whistler settled in a two-room wooden cottage on Section 236 located on the bank of Brownhill Creek. This area is now called Heywood Park.

    Whistler's first recorded land sale was to the Chigwedden brothers, Charles and Alexander, who purchased allotments 67 and 68 on Arthur Street in the Village of Unley.

    In 1855 Thomas Whistler, wishing to return to England, sold 'slips, pieces or parcels of land situate in and forming the roads and streets of Unley' to the Mitcham District Council for five pounds, an amount he believed to be 'well below the actual value of the land in question'.
     
  • Unley's Own
    The City of Unley has a long relationship with the 10th/27th Battalion, The Royal South Australia Regiment, known as "Unley's Own" due to the large number of Unley residents who served in war.

    It is also the Battalion of Colonel Walter Dollman VD (Volunteer Officers Decoration or Colonial Auxiliary Forces Officers Decoration) who was the Mayor of Unley during World War I and commanded the Battalion at the landing at ANZAC Cove.

    "The Roll of Honour in the Town Hall commemorates all Unley residents who served in this and subsequent world conflicts. The Honour Roll lists 1,189 men and 16 nurses from Unley who enlisted in WW1; 308 of those from Unley died in this "war to end all wars". Some 790 more were wounded, leaving the City of Unley with a casualty list of 1,100, all from a population of about 29,000 in 1915. Few families in Unley remained untouched or exempt from this toll".

    The 10th/27th Battalion, The Royal South Australia Regiment have previously been granted the Freedom of the City where their rights and privileges to "pass through the City of Unley with swords drawn, bayonets fixed, drums beating, bands playing and colours flying".

    Information for this article has been taken from Dolly's Dinkum Diggers written by Colonel Dollman's Grandson, Chris Colyer.
     
  • Unley's Mayors
    This information is listed from December to December
     
    • John H. COOKE, J.P. 1904-1907
    • Alfred S. LEWIS 1907-1909
    • John H. CHINNER, J.P. 1909-1912
    • Walter DOLLMAN 1912-1914
    • Thomas E. YELLAND 1914-1916
    • William N. PARSONS 1916-1918
    • William H. LANGHAM 1918-1920
    • Herbert C. RICHARDS, M.P. 1920-1922
    • Alfred E. MORRIS 1922-1924
    • Ethelbert BENDALL 1924-1926
    • George W. ILLINGWORTH 1926-1928
    • Benjamin J. SELLICK 1928-1930
    • Charles M. REID 1930-1932
    • Frederick J. BARRETT 1933 to June 1935

    This information is listed from July to June
     
    • John McLEAY 1935-1937
    • James McG. SOUTAR 1937-1939
    • Colin R. DUNNAGE, M.P. 1939-1941
    • Keith T.A. BENTZEN 1941-1943
    • Henry S. DUNKS, M.P. 1943-1946
    • Capt. William M. HARRELL 1946-1948
    • Samuel GILD 1948-1949
    • Claude S. COOGAN 1949-1952
    • Joseph Y. WOOLLACOTT 1952-1953
    • Theodore F. BALLANTYN 1953-1955
    • Alfred G.M. FREEMAN 1955-1957
    • George S. BARLOW 1957-1959
    • Claude F. PAGE 1959-1961
    • John E. McLEAY 1961-1963
    • Leonard ILES 1963-1965
    • Alexander L. HOOD 1965-1967
    • Lewis G. SHORT 1967-1970
    • Clement COLMAN 1970-1972
    • Eric H. PARISH 1972-1974
    • Laurence K. SIMON 1974-1975
    • Lloyd L. LOVELL 1975-1977
    • John H. SOUTHERN 1977-1980
    • Cecil S. ROWE 1980 to September 1982
    • Denis A. SHERIDAN October 1982 to May 1985

    This information is listed from May to May
     
    • Barry L. SCHUETZ 1985-1987
    • David H. McLEOD 1987-1991
    • A. Michael KEENAN 1991- 2006
    • Richard THORNE 2006 - 2010
    • Lachlan CLYNE 2010 - present
  • Heywood Park
    A fierce battle was fought in the 1920s to save Heywood Park for the Unley community.

    The park takes its name from the Lancashire birthplace of its last private owner, State MP William Haslam, who bought 14 acres of land and a house by Brownhill Creek in 1896. Locals began looking longingly at tree-covered Heywood in1909 but the land was not for sale.

    When eight acres of the land became available in 1917, shortly after Haslam's death, Unley councillor William Langham took up the cause. Three years later, while he was mayor, he suggested the council should buy the land to use as a park.

    There was a heated public debate and a poll on whether the council should acquire the land was lost. But Mayor Langham was not willing to give up the fight and decided to raise the money himself by calling for public donations.

    Some councillors cried foul and another row broke out but the mayor had managed to raise more than 4,000 pounds. The council gave in and paid for the land in April 1920. The stoush was still not over though, with two rival buyers taking the matter to court because the poll had failed.

    After a year of legal action, the council eventually took possession of the land and Heywood Park finally had its gala opening - complete with pony rides and a merry-go-round - on 10 December, 1921.